In route This - West, following the riverbanks Colca, Coporaque is in the margin right.
Coporaque was during the time Inca pre and Inca a town of a lot of importance. The name of the district of Coporaque comes from two words Quechua qhoto (heap of corn) and rake (I siege where it is distributed), having as meaning "place where the corn" is distributed. The archaeologists and historians have determined four cultural formations: I intermediate early from 200 to 700 d.c.; horizon Wari of the 700 to 1100 d.c.; I intermediate late of 1100 to 1480 d.c. and finally it belonged to the Inca period from 1450 until the Spanish conquest.
The columnists Ulloa and Lazy (1586), they point out the existence of the town of Coporaque on the Left hand. Ulloa mentions to the main towns from the valley to Yanque like head Collagua (towns of the margin right) and to Lari like head Cabin (towns of the margin left). The mentioned heads dominated these territories with the purpose of controlling ecological multiple floors that it allowed them to be supplied of diverse products. Coporaque belonging to the ethnos Cabin, differs clearly (Ulloa 1586) because it is recognized as pacarina (or origin place) of snowy Gualda Gualda (Hualca Hualca). Other important differences are the gear, the language, and even in their physical aspect; this last due to the use of cranial diverse deformations. Collaguas "pressed the head so heftily to the children that they lost weight it and they prolonged it to the high thing him more than they could, in memory of the volcano of where they left."
During the Inca conquest, Coporaque, the same as the other towns of the valley, it was annexed to the state cuzqueño, being in those moments Inca Mayta Cápac who governed. According to Garcilazo De la Vega, was carried out by means of military campaign whose previous landmarks were the conquest of Parihuanacocha, Coropuna and Aruni. On the other hand, the columnist Blas Valera assures that the integration to the empire took place for matrimonial alliance, when the Inca takes for wife to Tancaray-Yacchi, daughter of the curaca of Coporaque he Suckles. In gratefulness, Mayta Cápac built him/her a beautiful big house of stone, very well ornamented of silver that served as room for the Inca and its wife. The incorporation of Collaguas and Cabins to the Incan empire, before the beginning of the great expansion begun by Pachacútec, he/she makes suppose an administrative centralization of both territories, previous to the Spanish conquest. In sum, the Incan empire established its political and administrative own organization in the Valley of Colca. The main curaca was named by the Inca. The vassalage in front of the Inca was expressed, in the first place, with the payment of the tribute, surrendered in clothes and maintenance. They were also given the beautiful daughters of the main caciques, as well as Indians for the war or to send them to other counties like mitimaes. According to Ulloa, warring Collaguas and Cabins were mobilized until I Remove and Ponds. For the time in that Tahuantinsuyo collapsed, these towns enough assimilated to the empire should be.
It is also known that of this area they were the loaders of you walk they of the Inca. During the colony it continued being head of towns in the valley, specially taken into account for the payment of the tribute and the mita, being the first agent's headquarters Gonzalo Pizarro who fixed their residence in Coporaque. Also, between 1571 and 1574 the whole valley of Colca, work was evangelized carried out by the Franciscan order. In Coporaque they erected a main temple erected in honor to the apostle Santiago. Being the oldest temple in the Canyon of Colca, it is characterized by their bells made of the first foundries of copper of the palace of Inca Mayta Cápac, their construction dates of the second half of the XVI century (1569). In the republic the valley of Colca took importance in the years 70, when the highway was built affirmed to assist the works of the project of Irrigation of you Pound and newly starting from 1985 he/she became tourist route, from then on all the towns of the valley have transformed into attraction, reason why the district of Coporaque shows another face that contrasts with the one that had 40 years ago behind.
Page created web March 30 of the one 2005.
© Copyright 2005 Gualberto Valderrama C.